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 RESPIRATORY PROBLEMS 2

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chuciamin



Number of posts : 11
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Registration date : 2011-10-25

PostSubject: RESPIRATORY PROBLEMS 2   Sun Jul 29, 2012 10:27 am

AIRWAY OBSTRUCION

1) Remove the obstruction if it is external or visible in the mouth.

2) If the casualty is conscious and breathing normally, reassure him, but keep him under observation.

3) Even if the casualty appears to have made a complete recovery, call 999 for emergency help. Monitor and record his vital signs – level of response, breathing and pulse– until help arrives.

HANGING AND STRANGULATION

1) Quickly remove any constriction from around the casualty’s neck.

2) If the casualty is hanging, support the body while you relieve the constriction. Be aware that the body will be very heavy if he is unconscious.

3) If conscious, help the casualty to lie down while supporting his head and neck.

4) Call 999 for emergency help, even if he appears to recover fully. Monitor and record his vital signs – level of response, breathing and pulse– until help arrives.

INHALATION OF FUMES




EFFECTS OF FUME INHALATION FUMES

Carbon monoxide
Prolonged exposure to low levels :
#Headache
#Confusion
#Aggression
#Nausea and Vomiting
#Incontinence

Brief exposure to high levels :
#Grey-blue skin coloration
#Rapid, difficult breathing
#Impaired consciousness, leading to unconsciousness

Smoke
#Rapid, noisy and difficult breathing
#Coughing and wheezing
#Burning in the nose or mouth
#Soot around the mouth and nose
#Unconsciousness

Carbon dioxide
#Breathlessness
#Headache
#Confusion
#Unconsciousness

Solvents and fuels
#Headache and vomiting
#Impaired consciousness
#Airway obstruction from using a plastic bag or from choking on vomit may result in death
#Solvent abuse is a potential cause of cardiac arrest

1. Call 999 for emergency help. Tell ambulance control that you suspect fume inhalation.
2. Help the casualty away from the fumes into fresh air.
3. Support the casualty and encourage him to breathe normally. If the casualty’s clothing is still burning, try to extinguish the flames. Treat any obvious burns or other injuries.


4. Stay with the casualty until help arrives.



DROWNING

1. Help him to lie down with his head lower than the rest of the body so that water can drain from his mouth.
2. Treat the casualty for hypothermia; cover him with dry blankets or coats. If the casualty is fully conscious, give him chocolate and/or a warm drink.
3. Call 99/112 for emergency help.
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